Earl H Dowell


William Holland Hall Distinguished Professor

Professor Dowell's principal teaching interest and research activity is in the field of aeroelasticity - which is the study of the dynamic interaction between an aerodynamic flow and an elastic structure, such as aircraft wings in high speed flight, long span bridges and tall buildings responding to wind loadings, or airflow through the mouth and lungs. Dr. Dowell has also done research in acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, structural dynamics, and unsteady aerodynamics.

Professor Dowell's major research accomplishments include the first definitive research monograph on the aeroelasticity of plates and shells, the first derivation and solution of the nonlinear equations of motion for a helicopter rotor blade (the Hodges-Dowell equations), and work with Professor Kenneth Hall and several graduate students and post-doctoral fellows on reducing the dimensions of mathematical models for very complex high-dimensional fluid/structural systems. Professor Dowell teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on dynamics and aeroelasticity.

Here are seven short videos showing experimental aeroelastic models undergoing limit cycle oscillations in the Duke wind tunnel.

  1. An airfoil with a nonlinear freeplay in the connection from the main airfoil to the trailing edge control surface.
  2. A delta wing with a strong structural nonlinearity as a result of tension in the mid-plane of the plate-like wing induced by bending of the wing out of its initially undeformed plane.
  3. A very high aspect ratio wing that behaves as a beam with double bending (both transverse to and in-line with the aerodynamic flow field) and twisting. A nonlinear coupling among double bending and twisting occurs. Also the aerodynamic flow field experiences separation due to the large motions involved.
  4. A delta wing with an external store, flutter and limit cycle oscillations.
  5. LCO and Flutter of WingStore model
  6. Flapping Flag Flutter
  7. LCO of Cropped Delta Wing In the video you will see a cropped delta wing (that simply means we cropped off that would otherwise be a delta or triangular wing). The wind speed in the wind tunnel is shown by the dial in one of the frames. In the other two frames you see signals from two strain gauge bridges, bending and torsion, and of course the wing itself.
    The wind speed at which flutter is predicted to occur theoretically is about 19 meters/second. The experimental flutter speed based on observation of the strain gauge signals is about 21 meters/second. Note that at the wind speed when flutter starts, both strain gauges show dominant response at a frequency of 12 Hz. This large peak at a single frequency is a characteristic identifier of flutter. Also note that the motion of the wing is not easily visible to the eye until a higher wind speed in the range of 24-26 meters/second and the motion is most visible at the wing tip. Once the flutter speed is exceeded, limit cycle oscillations occur due a strong structural nonlinearity.
  8. Experimental Aeroelastic Models: Design and Wind Tunnel Testing for Correlation with New Theory - An overview of Wind Tunnel Testing in Duke University

Appointments and Affiliations

  • William Holland Hall Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
  • Faculty Network Member of The Energy Initiative
  • Affiliate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society

Contact Information

  • Office Location: 185 Hudson Hall, Box 90300, Durham, NC 27708
  • Office Phone: (919) 660-5321
  • Email Address: earl.dowell@duke.edu
  • Websites:


  • D.Sc. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1964
  • M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1961
  • B.S. University of Illinois, 1959

Research Interests

Aeroelasticity, acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, structural dynamics, and unsteady aerodynamics.

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

  • Daniel Guggenheim Medal. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2009
  • Den Hartog Medal. ASME. 2009
  • Spirit of St. Louis Medal. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2008
  • Walter J. and Angeline H. Crichlow Trust Prize. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2007
  • Honorary Fellow. AIAA. 2004
  • Theodore von Karman Lectureship Award. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2001
  • Board of Governors. Research Triangle Institute. 1994
  • Distinguished Service Award. American Academy of Mechanics. 1994
  • Elected Member. National Academy of Engineering. 1993
  • Fellow. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 1993

Courses Taught

  • CEE 625: Intermediate Dynamics: Dynamics of Very High Dimensional Systems
  • ME 392: Undergraduate Projects in Mechanical Engineering
  • ME 394: Engineering Undergraduate Fellows Projects
  • ME 491: Special Projects in Mechanical Engineering
  • ME 492: Special Projects in Mechanical Engineering
  • ME 493: Engineering Undergraduate Fellows Projects
  • ME 541: Intermediate Dynamics: Dynamics of Very High Dimensional Systems
  • ME 592: Research Independent Study in Mechanical Engineering or Material Science
  • ME 759: Special Readings in Mechanical Engineering
  • ME 775: Aeroelasticity

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Bueno, DD; Dowell, EH, A note on the state space representation of aeroelastic systems for time domain analysis, Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol 104 (2021) [10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2021.103294] [abs].
  • Abad, MJS; Mahmoudi, M; Dowell, E, Novel technique for dynamic analysis of shear frames based on energy balance equations, Scientia Iranica, vol 27 no. 3A (2021), pp. 1091-1112 [10.24200/SCI.2018.20790] [abs].
  • Zhou, JW; Zhang, W; Wang, XS; Mann, BP; Dowell, EH, Primary resonance suppression of a base excited oscillator using a spatially constrained system: Theory and experiment, Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol 496 (2021) [10.1016/j.jsv.2020.115928] [abs].
  • Freydin, M; Dowell, EH; Spottswood, SM; Perez, RA, Nonlinear dynamics and flutter of plate and cavity in response to supersonic wind tunnel start, Nonlinear Dynamics, vol 103 no. 4 (2021), pp. 3019-3036 [10.1007/s11071-020-05817-x] [abs].
  • Bueno, DD; Gonsalez Bueno, CG; Dowell, EH, A modal approach for designing controllers for active flutter suppression, Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, vol 43 no. 1 (2021) [10.1007/s40430-020-02754-z] [abs].