Earl H. Dowell
William Holland Hall Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering
Professor Dowell's principal teaching interest and research activity is in the field of aeroelasticity - which is the study of the dynamic interaction between an aerodynamic flow and an elastic structure, such as aircraft wings in high speed flight, long span bridges and tall buildings responding to wind loadings, or airflow through the mouth and lungs. Dr. Dowell has also done research in acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, structural dynamics, and unsteady aerodynamics.
Professor Dowell's major research accomplishments include the first definitive research monograph on the aeroelasticity of plates and shells, the first derivation and solution of the nonlinear equations of motion for a helicopter rotor blade (the Hodges-Dowell equations), and work with Professor Kenneth Hall and several graduate students and post-doctoral fellows on reducing the dimensions of mathematical models for very complex high-dimensional fluid/structural systems. Professor Dowell teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on dynamics and aeroelasticity.
Here are six short videos showing experimental aeroelastic models undergoing limit cycle oscillations in the Duke wind tunnel.
- An airfoil with a nonlinear freeplay in the connection from the main airfoil to the trailing edge control surface.
- A delta wing with a strong structural nonlinearity as a result of tension in the mid-plane of the plate-like wing induced by bending of the wing out of its initially undeformed plane.
- A very high aspect ratio wing that behaves as a beam with double bending (both transverse to and in-line with the aerodynamic flow field) and twisting. A nonlinear coupling among double bending and twisting occurs. Also the aerodynamic flow field experiences separation due to the large motions involved.
- A delta wing with an external store, flutter and limit cycle oscillations.
- LCO and Flutter of WingStore model
- Flapping Flag Flutter
Appointments and Affiliations
- William Holland Hall Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering
- Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
- Faculty Network Member of The Energy Iniative
- Affiliate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society
- Office Phone: (919) 660-5302
- Email Address: email@example.com
- Web Page:
- Sc.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1964
- M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1961
- B.S. University of Illinois, 1959
Broad field of aeroelasticity, acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, structural dynamics, and unsteady aerodynamics.
Policy, Science and Engineering
Awards, Honors, and Distinctions:
- Daniel Guggenheim Medal. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2008
- Spirit of St. Louis Medal. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2007
- Walter J. and Angeline H. Crichlow Trust Prize. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2007
- von Karman Lectureship Award. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 2002
- Membership. National Academy of Engineering. 1993
- CEE 625: Intermediate Dynamics: Dynamics of Very High Dimensional Systems
- ME 392: Undergraduate Projects in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 490: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 491: Special Projects in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 492: Special Projects in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 541: Intermediate Dynamics: Dynamics of Very High Dimensional Systems
- ME 555: Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 758S: Curricular Practical Training
- ME 759: Special Readings in Mechanical Engineering
- ME 775: Aeroelasticity
Representative Publications: (More Publications)
- Xie, D; Xu, M; Dowell, EH, Projection-free proper orthogonal decomposition method for a cantilever plate in supersonic flow, Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol 333 no. 23 (2014), pp. 6190-6208 [10.1016/j.jsv.2014.06.039] [abs].
- Goldman, BD; Dowell, EH, Nonlinear Oscillations of a Fluttering Plate Resting on a Unidirectional Elastic Foundation, AIAA Journal, vol 52 no. 10 (2014), pp. 2364-2368 [10.2514/1.J053290] [abs].
- Padmanabhan, MA; Pasiliao, CL; Dowell, EH, Simulation of Aeroelastic Limit-Cycle Oscillations of Aircraft Wings with Stores, AIAA Journal, vol 52 no. 10 (2014), pp. 2291-2299 [10.2514/1.J052843] [abs].
- Xie, D; Xu, M; Dai, H; Dowell, EH, Observation and evolution of chaos for a cantilever plate in supersonic flow, Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol 50 (2014), pp. 271-291 [10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2014.05.015] [abs].
- Yan, S; Dowell, EH; Lin, B, Effects of nonlinear damping suspension on nonperiodic motions of a flexible rotor in journal bearings, Nonlinear Dynamics, vol 78 no. 2 (2014), pp. 1435-1450 [10.1007/s11071-014-1526-7] [abs].